Studies in Village India: Issues in Rural Development
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About the Book :
India has a mixed bag of experience in the development profile of villages. Each village has a distinct identity in the physical, socio-economic and political map of India in terms of its unique combination of material resources, human capital and socio-political ethos. The path to development of a village has not necessarily been of the 'Lewis' variety with structural shifts of surplus labour taking place from rural to urban sector or from agriculture to industry and thus contributing to rise in marginal productivity of labour. Neither has it necessarily evolved around the Gandhian path of 'village republic'. Over the years, each village has evolved its own pattern of development based on its societal relations, political milieu, economic opportunities and other resources. The development in most cases has been slow and not perceptible. The pace of transformation has also varies extensively from one village to the other. Yet, some transformation has taken place in the villages which have struggled to evolve their own patterns of resolving issues and inducing material progress.
Amongst a plethora of village issues the book has concentrated on a few selected themes. It contains a set of papers covering different aspects of Indian villages. The first part of the book deals with a framework of analysis and methodology for rural development. The second part is on a selected policy issue of organising the rural poor. The third part of the book relates to socio-economic forces and political economy of rural development. While, the last part of the book presents a profiles of villages in Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Manipur and Uttar Pradesh.
About Author :
B.N. Yugandhar, graduated with first class in B.A. Hons. And M.A. in Economics from Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati. Taught Economics to graduate and post graduate students in the Madras and Sri Venkateswara University before joining the Indian Administrative Service in 1962. He worked as District Magistrate of Srikakulam District (1969 to 1971); as Deputy Director in the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, Mussorie, (1971 to 1974); as Special Assistant to Shri P.N. Haksar, the then Deputy Chairman, planning Commission (1974 to 1978); Commissioner, Special Employment Schemes (1979-80); Chairman and Managing Director, A.P. Small Scale Industries Corporation; and Secretary to the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh (1980). He joined the United Nations in 1981 as Consultant to UNIDO and was Regional Adviser, Industrial Development and Technology policies at ESCAP, Bangkok till 1986. On return to Andhra Pradesh, he worked as Secretary, Planning and Secretary, Industries and Commerce during 1987 and 1988, before joining as the Director of the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, Mussoorie. He was also associated with several projects, seminars and workshops in areas he worked in India and in several countries in Europe and Asia.
Neela Mukherjee, is currently working as a development practitioner, researcher, trainer and a resource person to multiple organizations, both India and abroad. She is associated with a Delhi-based enterprise called "Development Tracks, RTC" involved in cutting-edge research, consultancy and training activities. Formerly, a Professor of Economics at the LBS National Academy of Administration Mussoorie, India and an alumna of the London School of Economics and Political Science, London, her major areas of current research include participatory and sustainable development practices, community perspectives, empowerment and livelihood related issues. She has written extensively in her areas of interest. Her books include "Participatory Rural Appraisal, Methodology and Applications" (1993), "Questionnaire Survey & Participatory Rural Appraisal" (1995), "Participatory Appraisal of Natural Resources" (1997) and "Participatory Learning and Action with 100 Field Methods" (2002) published by Concept Publishing Company, New Delhi. Her present book "Alternative Perspectives on Livelihoods, Agriculture and Air Pollution, agriculture in urban and peri-urban areas in a developing country" published in 2001 by Ashgate Publishing Co., U.K. describes community perspectives on the impact of air pollution as an agricultural, economic and societal concern. Dr. Mukherjee is also the editor of a series on "Learning to Share" of which, two volumes (1997 and 2000) have been published by Concept Publishing Company, Delhi. Dr. Mukherjee other professional interest include multilateral negotiations at the World Trade Organization, trade barriers and developing countries, environmental impact assessment for policy implications and political economy of greenhouse gases. She has researched, lectured and conducted workshops worldwide and has written a number of books and papers in both national and international journals.