Decentralisation Need for Reforms: HRD Institution Building Development Policies
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- Author :D.N. Gupta
- Year of Publication :2004
- ISBN: :9788180691416
- Language: :English
- Binding: :Hard Bound
- No of Pages: XXVIII, 476
- Size: 26 cms
- Categories: Political Science
About the Book :
World over decentralisation has been viewed as an instrument for meeting aspirations of local people. India has embarked on this process since later part of 1950s, but decentralisation got a new dimension by way of 73rd Constitution Amendment Act in 1993. Though the Constitution Amendment is considered a landmark of sorts for strengthening the panchayati raj institutions, yet, as reflected from the field study and analysis, neither from the point of people's participation, nor from the perspective of capacity of PR institutions to deliver in the rural areas, does the Act prove to be effective. Under the given state of socio-economic and political disparities and the poor capacity of the panchayats to deliver, reforms are very critically required. Reforms must begin by creating enabling environment. It requires initiatives for reducing inequalities, making basic services available to people, and enhancing the access for opportunities. And, the reforms should focus on fundamentals:
1. How the decentralisation can contribute to achieving objective of mobilising people;
2. How the decentralisation can increase the government responsiveness to the aspirations of various interest groups and provide them good quality of life; and
3. How the decentralisation can improve economic and managerial efficiency. It calls for primacy of human resources development, institution building and initiating right development policies. Each state should come out with clearly defined contours of action plan.
The book emphasizes that more than the legislations, though necessary (also further amendments may be required in some cases), socio-economic and institutional reforms are essential for meaningful people's participation in democratic and development process and improving efficacy of panchayats to deliver. And, for good governance, reforms have to be a focal concern.
About Author :
D.N. Gupta joined Indian Administrative Service (IAS) in 1989. For the last decade and a half he has been closely associated with development planning, and management of implementation of social and rural development programmes. He has worked in various capacities in the state of Orissa. He has held posts of Sub-collector, Malkangiri sub-division; Project Director, Tribal Development Project, Koraput; Managing Director, Orissa Textiles Mills, Cuttack; District Collector, Sonepur district; and Joint Secretary, Department of Welfare, Govt. of Orissa. He was Deputy Secretary, Ministry of Rural Development, Govt. of India. He has extensively worked in the field of watershed development, participatory planning, and training. His specialisation is in the field of micro-planning, project design and management of programmes. Besides, his areas of interest pertain to development administration, governance and decentralisation. Presently, he is working as Fellow, Institute of Social Sciences (ISS), New Delhi.