Coastal Aquaculture in India: Poverty, Environment and Rural Livelihood

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Overview



About the Book :

The book, after depicting the global and all-India picture on aquaculture, examines the diverse impacts of coastal aquaculture in Orissa where shrimp farming is a leading economic activity. It observes that there has been shift in occupation from rice cultivation and capture fishing to shrimp aquaculture. Shrimp farming has played an important role in employment generation and a rise in per capita income; and has thus led to decrease in dependency on agriculture and artisan fisheries for food and income. On the other hand, it has led to environmental degradation. It has not also brought any significant improvement in community-scale human development parameters. The participation and role of women in shrimp farming is insignificant. The institutional arrangements that have been set up by the government to regulate the shrimp farming are not stringently followed. Almost all the activities of shrimp farming are in private sector. The government role is only promotional. The study believes that if suitable measures (such as infrastructure development, laboratories for various tests, research on shrimp diseases, effective enforcement of institutional regulations, etc.) are taken to overcome the problems faced by the local farmers, shrimp farming may turn out to be a perennial source of livelihood.


About Author :

Mark Flaherty is Professor in the Department of Geography at the University of Victoria, Canada. For the last fifteen years he is teaching and research programmes have focused on the social, economic and environmental impacts that the development of marine aquaculture has on coastal communities. He has been involved in several research projects in Thailand, India, and Brazil. He is presently Co-Director of the Coastal Aquaculture Research and Training (CART) Network at the University of Victoria, and is Vice-President of the Pacific SEALab Research Society.

Kishor C. Samal was Professor of Economics at Nabakrushna Choudhury Centre for Development Studies, Bhubaneswar till 2008. He has published about 155 research papers in journals of repute. He has to his credit many important books including Urban Informal Sector (An Exploration of the Informal Sector in a Small City of Orissa); Tax Structure and Budgetary Trends; State, NGOs and Disaster Management; Poverty, Social Capital and Natural Resource Management; and Informal Sector: Concept, Dynamics, Linkages and Migration. Also, Prof. Samal has completed more than 30 research projects relating to natural resources, poverty, livelihood, displacement and informal sector. At present, he is the Director, Development Research Institute, Bhubaneswar (Orissa).

Dolagobinda Pradhan is a faculty member in the Department of Geography at the Kwantlen Polytechnic University, Canada. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Victoria, Canada in 2004. Before entering to the academic life, he worked for the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) in Thailand for five years.

Subrata Ray was working as Junior Researcher in the SHARP (Shastri Applied Research Project) of SICI from the inception of the project till the end. She is in social research for last three years after completing her Post-Graduation in Economics from Utkal University, Orissa (India).