Employment Planning and Optimal Allocation of Physical and Human Resources
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About the Book :
This study is divided into two parts. The feint, by Jan Versluis, proposes a model for the simultaneous planning of production, manpower and education and applies it to Peru; the second, by Jean Benard, describes a broader theoretical model containing a number of additional constraints, basically of 'social nature'. Both models derive from the basic notion that the growth of productive employment and the reduction of unemployment depend essentially on action taken in four main areas: in respect of production, by the expansion of existing economic activities, the creation of new ones and the adoption of appropriate technologies; in respect of demand, either directly by increasing the propensity to consume or indirectly by modifying the distribution of income; in respect of foreign trade, by expanding exports and opening up the markets of industrialised countries; and in respect of people, by more appropriate educational and training systems and by long-term demographic policies. The fact that these four areas are interdependent emphasises the need for an over-all economic and social policy that simultaneously affects each one of them.
About Author :
The World Employment Programme (WEP) was launched by the International Labour Organisation in 1969, as the ILO main contribution to the International' Development Strategy for the Second United Nations Development Decade. The means of action adopted by the WEP have included the following : short-term high-level advisory missions ; longer-term national or regional employment teams; and a wide-ranging research programme. Through these activities the ILO has been able to help national decision-makers to reshape their policies and plans with the aim of eradicating mass poverty and unemployment. A landmark in the development of the WEP was the World Employment Conference of 1976, which proclaimed inter alia that "strategics and national development plans should include as a priority objective ^he promotion of employment and the satisfaction of the basic needs of each country's population". The Declaration of Principles and Programme of Action adopted by the Conference have become the cornerstone of WEP technical assistance and research activities during the closing years of the Second Development Decade. This publication is the outcome of a WEP project.