Buddhist Tantra: A Philosophical Reflection & Religious Investigation

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  • Author :Lalan Prasad Singh
  • Year of Publication :2010
  • ISBN: :9788180696473
  • Language: :English
  • Binding: :Hard Bound
  • No of Pages: XIV, 160
  • Size: 26 cms
  • Categories: Philosophy, Religion

About the Book :

Lord Buddha, after the attainment of Nirvana under Bodhi Tree at Bodh Gaya through the practice of Tantra Sadhana reflected on the nature and significance of Nirvana which resulted into the birth of a new school of philosophy and a new religious order known as Buddhism. Buddhist Tantra is the sublime and profound form of spirituality. It is monotheistic. It presents the highest form of Monism. In Buddhist Tantra, Advaya means the eternal co-existence of Prajna and Upaya which constitute the infinite unity and transcendent reality (Boddhi Citta). Buddhist Tantra has made great contribution to the speculative metaphysics in the form of Vijnana Vada, (Yogacara) and Sunyavada (Madhyamika). The most profound ontological doctrine is considered to be the Madhyamika which claims Sunyata to be intrinsic nature, to be the ultimate mode of existence of phenomenon. One can experience Sunyata only when the mind is liberated from all kinds of mental reification. Buddhist Tantra is aware of futality of speculative metaphysics and hence it recommends the practice of intuitional science and esotericism for the realisation of ultimate reality. In this intuitive experience of Prajna and Upaya, essence and existence becomes identical. Tantra is not based on false asceticism. The significance of mystic symbolism of Tantra cannot be understood without one initiation (abhisekha) in its intuitional science and esotericism. It is full of symbolism. The symbolism of sex and wine under some esoteric discipline is supposed to sublimate the baser instincts. Tantra recognises that sex is inherent in man but it can be sublimated. In the recognition of the gradual development and transformation of human consciousness Tantra takes cognizance of baser and crude aspect of human nature and introduces spiritual and esoteric techniques and practices to sublimate them into higher forms of divine life. The significance of Five M i.e. Mansa (Meat), Matsya (Fish), Mudra (Parched Rice). Madya (Wine) and Maithuna (Copulation), is esoteric. It cannot be grasped in its manifest form. Maithuna (Copulation) refers to the union of Prajna and Upaya in Usanisa Kamala. The esoteric significance of the Madira (Wine) is the pineal nectar that imanates from the Usanisa Kamala.

About Author :

Lalan Prasad Singh sspent about two decades as a mendicant in search of truth and salvation. He was awarded D. Litt. Degree from Ranchi University, Ranchi in 1972. He retired as a professor of Philosophy from Magadh University, Bodh Gaya in January 1996 and in February of the same year he became Senior Fellow of the Indian Council of Philosophical Research, Government of India for three years. In 2000 A.D. Professor Singh was awarded Fellowship of Indian Institute of Advanced Studies, Shimla for three years. He became a visiting Research Professor in 2004 at the Catholic University of America, Washington D.C. He was also awarded Indo-French Cultural Fellowship in 1994. During his sojourn at Paris, he delivered lectures at the Department of Philosophy, Soubourn University IV, Paris. He also addressed the students and staff members of Nihon and Toyo University, Tokyo in 2006. He delivered a special lecture at the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Khon Kaen University, Thailand in 2013. He presented several papers at the National and International Conferences and Seminars such World Philosophical Congress 1975, International Congress of Orientalists, Mexico City 1976, First Sanskrit Symposia, Mexico City 1982, World Sanskrit Congress, Lieden, Holland, International Conferences at East China Normal University, Shanghai, Xiaotong University, Xi'an in December 2013. He also presented papers at the School of the Social Sciences and the Humanities, East China Normal University and at the School of Social Sciences, Shanghai University, Shanghai, China in 2014. He chaired many International sessions. Twenty one Research Scholars worked under his supervision and were awarded Ph.D. degrees. He has written many books of high academic value, published several papers at the National and International proceedings and Journals of high academic repute. Prof. Singh is a distinguished professor of philosophy and a social activist.
B.M. Sirisena is a great Buddhist scholar and dedicated monk. His religious name is Ven. Dhammika. He did his Ph.D. from Magadh University, Bodh-Gaya under Professor L.P. Singh. He became an english teacher in Japan.