Agrarian Change and Small Farmers: Super Markets, Viability and Food Policy
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About the Book :
The book explores alternative ways of addressing issues concerning marginal and small farmers who cultivate 44 per cent of operated land in India and constitute 85 per cent of total holdings. Their numbers are on the rise as population increases and holdings get fragmented. At the national level, the output per hectare of the small farm is higher than the large farm, but it varies across States. The problems confronting small farmers are numerous: Imperfection in input and product markets; inadequate access to institutional credit; higher reliance on moneylenders; restricted reach to modern technology, extension services, education and skills; lesser gains from public irrigation and lesser electricity; inadequate land availability and tenancy reforms; limited power to bargain; small asset ownership; skewed accesses to markets and public goods and institutions. Comparative advantage of small farmer lies in low costs of supervising household labour as well as saving on marketing due to self-provisioning. Analyzing these growing concerns in India is the main objective of the book. Experts from multiple disciplines have contributed their research papers with in-depth evidences on each aspect of the subject. In all, 13 papers are categorized in the three sections of the book apart from the conceptual issues raised in the introductory chapter and concluding remarks at the end. The three major sub-themes are: (1) Small Farmers and Super Markets; (2) Small Farmers and Viability; and (3) Small Farmers and Food Policy. The book is expected to be a valuable contribution on the subject for all stakeholders, scholars and policy makers.
About Author :
Kaustubha Nand Bhatt is a researcher in Social Sciences with specialization in environmental economics and social development issues. Dr Bhatt has directed and authored/co-authored 21 research projects in inter-disciplinary issues. Most of these projects has been sponsored and funded by International Labour Organizations, the World Bank, UNDP, UNESCO, Planning Commission, U.P., Tata Chemicals, Sriram Foundation, National Literary Mission, Adult Education Directorates, U.P., MP, Maharashtra, State Primary Education Boards of U.P., Bihar and Hill Development Board, U.P. Dr. Bhatt has published five books and three dozen research papers in Journals and Edited Volumes. He has widely travelled around the globe on his academic sojourns to present research papers, deliver lectures and chair sessions in prominent universities of the world.
Pradeep Bhargava is a professional researcher and has pursued research particularly in the areas of poverty, vulnerability, education, institutions and organizations. He has also studied civil society response to various problems. He worked at South Asia Studies Centre, University of Rajasthan, the Centre for Policy Research, New Delhi and the Institute of Development Studies, Jaipur. He was a Mid Career Fellow at the Woodrow Wilson School, Princeton University and a Visiting Fellow at the Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex. He has authored and co-edited several books including Political Economy of the Gulf States, New Economic Policy and the Vulnerable Sections, Policies for Agricultural Development and Poverty Reduction in Developing Countries : Experiences from Asia and Africa and has published in various journals. He engages in policy dialogue with Governments and interacts with Civil Society.