• Reproductive Behavior in Households of Rural Gujarat: Social, Economic and Community Factors

Reproductive Behavior in Households of Rural Gujarat: Social, Economic and Community Factors

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Overview

  • Author :Richard Anker, Martha Anker
  • Year of Publication :1982
  • ISBN: :000000647
  • Language: :English
  • Binding: :Hard Bound
  • No of Pages: XII, 140
  • Size: 23 cms
  • Categories: out of print, Psychology, Sociology

Out Of Print

About the Book :

Community level approaches to development and health planning have increasingly come into vogue in recent years. But, surprisingly, this has not had a commensurate impact on efforts to encourage family planning and to reduce fertility rates. Family Planning programmes, after originally concentrating on making contraceptives freely available (on the assumption that couples wanted fewer children), are now increasingly concentrating on motivating individuals to us contraceptives by  encouraging them to perceive the social and personal costs associated with having many children. However, the significant degree to which individuals are constrained in their behavior and outlook by more macro community level factors such as caste and village and thus the role which these communities can play in helping to increase family planning acceptance and reduce fertility rates  is not fully appreciated.
Reproductive Behaviour in Households of Rural Gujarat, is a thought-provoking study of fertility and family planning in eleven Gujarat Villages and is one of the first to investigate (and in the process demonstrate) how differentials in fertility and family planning acceptance are related to both  individual and household level socio-economic factors such as parents level of education, perceived and felt economic costs and benefits of children and contact with urban influences in addition to community level factors such as caste and level of village development. The multivariate statistical technique of multiple classification analysis is used in analyzing data from a multipurpose, multiround household survey. This analysis is repeated for two  separate caste groups and several dependent variables in explaining how many children couples want, how many children couples have, and whether or not couples family plan.


About Author :

Richard Anker is an internationally known researcher with Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Michigan, U.S.A. He has published numerous articles on population and economic issues in reputable American and British academic journals and has three books currently in press. For the past nine years he has been with the International Labour Office in Geneva, Switzerland in Nairobi, Kenya. Presently he is project manager of a major multi-country, interdisciplinary project funded by the United Nations Fund for Population Activities which is concerned with the interaction between women work activities and demographic change.